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Characterization and failure analysis of 3D integrated systems using a novel plasma-FIB system

 
: Kwakman, L.; Franz, G.; Taklo, M.M.V.; Klumpp, A.; Ramm, P.

:

Seiler, D.G. ; American Institute of Physics -AIP-, New York:
Frontiers of Characterization and Metrology for Nanoelectronics 2011 : Grenoble (France), 23-26 May 2011
New York, N.Y.: AIP Press, 2011 (AIP Conference Proceedings 1395)
ISBN: 978-0-7354-0965-1
ISBN: 978-0-7354-0973-6
ISSN: 0094-243X
S.269-273
International Conference on Frontiers of Characterization and Metrology for Nanoelectronics <2011, Grenoble>
Englisch
Konferenzbeitrag
Fraunhofer EMFT ()

Abstract
Today 3D integration based on TSV's is a well accepted approach to further improve Integrated Circuits in terms of miniaturization, performance, power consumption and heterogeneous integration. However, 3D integration comes with the introduction of many new processes and materials that may affect behavior and reliability of the overall system. Therefore, there is a strong demand for physical characterization and failure analysis and more explicitly, also for tools and techniques that allow for easy chip access and navigation to the site of interest and that can provide physical information at the nanometer scale within a large field of view. In the framework of the European project JEMSIP-3D, a novel plasma-FIB platform has been developed and evaluated by the project partners. This new platform has been characterized in terms of mill rates, resolution and ion assisted CVD kinetics and effective methods have been developed to suppress the curtaining that may appear on X- sections due to variations in material milling rates. The plasma-FIB platform has also been used to analyze failures of 3D integrated systems caused by TSV formation and the permanent bonding process. Compared to classical FIB systems, the new equipment allows removing material significantly faster while maintaining good resolution at low beam currents, important for the subsequent analysis. The characteristics and merits of the novel plasma FIB platform and the resulting failure analysis are discussed in detail.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-208698.html