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Maritime target identification in flash-ladar imagery

: Armbruster, Walter; Hammer, Marcus


Sadjadi, Firooz A. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Automatic Target Recognition XXII. Proceedings : 23 April 2012, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2012 (Proceedings of SPIE 8391)
ISBN: 978-0-8194-9069-8
ISSN: 0038-7355
Paper 83910C, 9 S.
Conference "Automatic Target Recognition" <22, 2012, Baltimore/Md.>
Fraunhofer IOSB ()
3D object recognition; free-form object representation; generic object classification; pose estimation; 3D model matching; ship classification; ship identification

The paper presents new techniques and processing results for automatic segmentation, shape classification, generic pose estimation, and model-based identification of naval vessels in laser radar imagery. The special characteristics of focal plane array laser radar systems such as multiple reflections and intensity-dependent range measurements are incorporated into the algorithms. The proposed 3D model matching technique is probabilistic, based on the range error distribution, correspondence errors, the detection probability of potentially visible model points and false alarm errors. The match algorithm is robust against incomplete and inaccurate models, each model having been generated semi-automatically from a single range image. A classification accuracy of about 96% was attained, using a maritime database with over 8000 flash laser radar images of 146 ships at various ranges and orientations together with a model library of 46 vessels. Applications include military maritime reconnaissance, coastal surveillance, harbor security and anti-piracy operations.