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Predicting human gaze using quaternion DCT image signature saliency and face detection

: Schauerte, B.; Stiefelhagen, R.


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-:
IEEE Workshop on Applications of Computer Vision, WACV 2012. Proceedings : 9-11 Jan. 2012, Breckenridge, CO
New York, NY: IEEE, 2012
ISBN: 978-1-4673-0233-3 (Print)
ISBN: 978-1-4673-0232-6 (Online)
Workshop on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV) <2012, Breckenridge/Colo.>
Fraunhofer IOSB ()

We combine and extend the previous work on DCT-based image signatures and face detection to determine the visual saliency. To this end, we transfer the scalar definition of image signatures to quaternion images and thus introduce a novel saliency method using quaternion type-II DCT image signatures. Furthermore, we use MCT-based face detection to model the important influence of faces on the visual saliency using rotated elliptical Gaussian weight functions and evaluate several integration schemes. In order to demonstrate the performance of the proposed methods, we evaluate our approach on the Bruce-Tsotsos (Toronto) [2] and Cerf (FIFA) [3] benchmark eye-tracking data sets. Additionally, we present evaluation results on the Bruce-Tsotsos data set of the most important spectral saliency approaches. We achieve state-of-the-art results in terms of the well-established area under curve (AUC) measure on the Bruce-Tsotsos data set and come close to the ideal AUC on the Cerf d ata set-with less than one millisecond to calculate the bottom-up QDCT saliency map.