Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Above 2-µm emitting GaSb-based semiconductor disk laser with <100-kHz linewidth at 1000-mW output power

: Kaspar, S.; Rattunde, M.; Töpper, T.; Rösener, B.; Manz, C.; Köhler, K.; Wagner, J.


Tropper, Anne C. (Ed.) ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers (VECSELs) II : 23 - 24 January 2012, San Francisco, California, United States; part of SPIE Photonics West
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2012 (Proceedings of SPIE 8242)
ISBN: 978-0-8194-8885-5
Paper 82420G
Conference "Vertical External Cavity Surface Emitting Laser" (VECSELs) <2, 2012, San Francisco/Calif.>
Photonics West Conference <2012, San Francisco/Calif.>
Fraunhofer IAF ()
infrared semiconductor laser; vertical external cavity surface emitting laser (VECSEL); semiconductor diks laser (SDL); optically pumped semiconductor disk laser (OPSDL); single-mode operation; narrow linewidth; wavelength stabilization

In this paper we report on the development of narrow-linewidth vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser (VECSEL) at a wavelength of >2 µm. Starting from a laboratory setup, we designed a highly stable VECSEL module machined from a solid block of aluminum. For linewidth precise measurements, heterodyne beatnote measurements were employed. For this firstgeneration module a linewidth of 9 kHz was achieved when actively stabilizing the laser wavelength, whereas without stabilization the linewidth amounted to 45 kHz at an output power of 100 mW, both data referring to a 100-µs sampling time. To further increase the output power, a secon-generation module was fabricated, for which the on-chip mode diameter was increased. This allowed operation at a larger pump-spot diameter and still maintaining TEM00 operation, while increasing the maximum pump power and hence the output power. This module yielded an output power above 1 W in single-mode operation at a linewidth of 60 kHz (100 µs sampling time) without active wavelength stabilization. Modehop-free single-mode operation could be maintained for more than 18 hours. This new multiple-Watt, narrow-linewidth VECSEL module is apt for plane-to-ground communications without the necessity of amplifiers.