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Indium incorporation and emission wavelength of polar, nonpolar and semipolar InGaN quantum wells

 
: Wernicke, T.; Schade, L.; Netzel, C.; Rass, J.; Hoffmann, V.; Ploch, S.; Knauer, A.; Weyers, M.; Schwarz, U.T.; Kneissl, M.

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Semiconductor Science and Technology 27 (2012), Nr.2, Art. 024014, 7 S.
ISSN: 0268-1242
ISSN: 1361-6641
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer IAF ()

Abstract
InGaN quantum wells were grown by metal organic vapor-phase epitaxy on polar (0 0 0 1), nonpolar (1 0.1 0) and on semipolar (1 0 1 2), (1 1 2 2), (1 0 1 1) as well as (2 0 2 1) oriented GaN substrates. The room-temperature photoluminescence (PL) and electroluminescence (EL) emission energies for quantum wells grown on different crystal orientations show large variations of up to 600 meV. The following order of the emission energy was found throughout the entire range of growth temperatures: (1 0 1 1) < (1 1 2 2) = (0 0 0 1) < (2 0 2 1) < (1 0 1 0) = (1 0 1 2). In order to differentiate between the effects of strain, quantum-confined stark effect (QCSE) and indium incorporation the experimental data were compared to k.p theory-based calculations for differently oriented InGaN QWs. The major contribution to the shift between (1 0 1 0) and (0 0 0 1) InGaN quantum wells can be attributed to the QCSE. The redshift between (1 0 1 0) and the semipolar (1 0 1 2) and (2 0 2 1) QWs can be attributed to shear and anisotropic strain affecting the valence band structure. Finally, for (1 1 2 2) and (1 0 1 1) the emission energy shift could be attributed to a significantly higher indium incorporation efficiency.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-199401.html