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Spectral loudness summation of nonsimultaneous tone pulses

: Heeren, W.; Rennies, J.; Verhey, J.L.


Journal of the Acoustical Society of America : JASA 130 (2011), Nr.6, S.3905-3915
ISSN: 0001-4966
ISSN: 1520-8524
Fraunhofer IDMT ()

The level of broadband signals is usually lower than that of equally loud narrow-band signals. This effect, referred to as spectral loudness summation, is commonly measured for broadband signals where all frequency components are presented simultaneously. The present study investigated to what extent spectral loudness summation also occurs for nonsimultaneously presented frequency components. Spectral loudness summation was measured in normal-hearing listeners with an adaptive forced-choice procedure for sequences of short tone pulses with varying frequencies, randomly chosen from a set of five frequencies. In addition, spectral loudness summation was measured for the simultaneous presentation of all five frequencies. The comparison stimulus consisted of tone pulses with the same frequency for all tone pulses of the sequence and the same repetition rate and overall duration as the test signal. The pulse duration was 10, 20, 50, or 100 ms and the inter-pulse interval ranged from 0 to 390 ms. In general, a considerable nonsimultaneous spectral loudness summation was found for short pulse durations and inter-pulse intervals, but a residual effect was also observed for the largest inter-pulse interval. The data are discussed in the light of repetition-rate dependent spectral loudness summation and effects of persistence of specific loudness after tone-pulse offset.