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Experimental verification of SAR-GMTI improvement through antenna switching

: Cerutti-Maori, D.; Gierull, C.H.; Ender, J.H.G.


IEEE transactions on geoscience and remote sensing 48 (2010), Nr.4 Part 2, S.2066-2075
ISSN: 0196-2892
ISSN: 0018-9413
Fraunhofer FHR

Recently, theoretical investigations have shown that switching between parts of the transmit and/or receive aperture in a pulse-to-pulse cycle may improve the ground moving target indication (GMTI) performance of a two-channel radar system. This paper intends to verify these findings experimentally for the switching concept for the first time. Accordingly, six different GMTI modes were implemented in the system PAMIR (phasedarray multifunctional imaging radar) of the Fraunhofer Institute for High Frequency Physics and Radar Techniques (Fraunhofer FHR) including three switching modes. An experiment was conducted using six cooperative vehicles following a predefined scenario to compare the GMTI performance and, in particular, the positioning accuracy of the different GMTI modes. The results of this experiment as well as the underlying signal processing are presented in this paper. The analysis is based on a multilook constant false-alarm rate detection scheme. Due to the heterogenous nature of the considered scene, the well-known test statistic for homogeneous terrain had to be extended accordingly, and a novel test statistics is proposed.