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Divergence in urinary 8-iso-PGF[2alpha] (iPF[2alpha],-III, 15-F2t-IsoP) levels from gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry quantification after thin-layer chromatography and immunoaffinity column chromatography reveals heterogeneity of 8-iso-PGF[2alpha]

Possible methodological, mechanistic and clinical implications
: Tsikas, D.; Schwedhelm, E.; Suchy, M.-T.; Niemann, J.; Gutzki, F.-M.; Erpenbeck, V.J.; Hohlfeld, J.M.; Surdacki, A.; Frölich, J.C.


Journal of chromatography. B 794 (2003), Nr.2, S.237-255
ISSN: 0378-4347
ISSN: 1570-0232
Fraunhofer ITEM ()

Free radical-catalysed oxidation of arachidonic acid esterified to lipids leads to the formation of the F2-isoprostane family which may theoretically comprise up to 64 isomers. We have previously shown that the combination of TLC and GC–tandem MS (referred to as method A) allows for the accurate and highly specific quantification of 8-iso-PGF2small alpha, Greek (iPF2small alpha, Greek-III, 15-F2t-IsoP) in human urine. Immunoaffinity column chromatography (IAC) with immobilized antibodies raised against 8-iso-PGF2small alpha, Greek (i.e. 15(S)-8-iso-PGF2small alpha, Greek) has been shown by others to be highly selective and specific for this 8-iso-PGF2small alpha, Greek isomer when quantified by GC–MS. In the present study we established IAC for urinary 8-iso-PGF2small alpha, Greek for subsequent quantification by GC–tandem MS (referred to as method B). This method was fully validated and found to be highly accurate and precise for urinary 15(S)-8-iso-PGF2small alpha, Greek. 8-iso-PGF2small alpha, Greek was measured in urine of 10 young healthy humans by both methods. 8-iso-PGF2small alpha, Greek was determined to be 291±102 pg/mg creatinine by method A and 141±41 pg/mg creatinine by method B. Analysis of the combined through and wash phases of the IAC step, i.e. of the unretained compounds, by method A showed the presence of non-immunoreactive 8-iso-PGF2small alpha, Greek at 128±55 pg/mg creatinine. This finding suggests that urinary 8-iso-PGF2small alpha, Greek is heterogenous, with 15(S)-8-iso-PGF2small alpha, Greek contributing by ~50%. PGF2small alpha, Greek and other 8-iso-PGF2small alpha, Greek isomers including 15(R)-8-iso-PGF2small alpha, Greek are not IAC-immunoreactive and are chromatographically separated from 15(S)-8-iso-PGF2small alpha, Greek. We assume that ent-15(S)-8-iso-PGF2small alpha, Greek is also contributing by ~50% to urinary 8-iso-PGF2small alpha, Greek. This finding may have methodological, mechanistic and clinical implications.