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Improving P2P live-content delivery using SVC

: Schierl, T.; Sánchez, Y.; Hellge, C.; Wiegand, T.


Frossard, P. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Visual Communications and Image Processing 2010. Vol.1 : 11 - 14 July 2010, Huangshan, China
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2010 (Proceedings of SPIE 7744)
ISBN: 978-0-8194-8234-1
Paper 77440S
Conference "Visual Communications and Image Processing" (VCIP) <2010, Huangshan>
Fraunhofer HHI ()

P2P content delivery techniques for video transmission have become of high interest in the last years. With the involvement of client into the delivery process, P2P approaches can significantly reduce the load and cost on servers, especially for popular services. However, previous studies have already pointed out the unreliability of P2P-based live streaming approaches due to peer churn, where peers may ungracefully leave the P2P infrastructure, typically an overlay networks. Peers ungracefully leaving the system cause connection losses in the overlay, which require repair operations. During such repair operations, which typically take a few roundtrip times, no data is received from the lost connection. While taking low delay for fast-channel tune-in into account as a key feature for broadcast-like streaming applications, the P2P live streaming approach can only rely on a certain media pre-buffer during such repair operations. In this paper, multi-tree based Application Layer Multicast as a P2P overlay technique for live streaming is considered. The use of Flow Forwarding (FF), a.k.a. Retransmission, or Forward Error Correction (FEC) in combination with Scalable video Coding (SVC) for concealment during overlay repair operations is shown. Furthermore the benefits of using SVC over the use of AVC single layer transmission are presented.