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Sol-gel vanadium oxide thin films for a flexible electronically conductive polymeric substrate

: Hajzeri, M.; Surca Vuk, A.; Slemenik Pere, L.; Colovi, M.; Herbig, B.; Posset, U.; Krzmanc, M.; Orel, B.


Solar energy materials and solar cells 99 (2012), S.62-72
ISSN: 0927-0248
International Meeting on Electrochromism (IME) <9, 2010, Bordeaux>
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Konferenzbeitrag
Fraunhofer ISC ()

Vanadium oxide nanocrystalline films were prepared by spin-coating from vanadium (V) oxoisopropoxide sol and thermally treated at 150 °C, in order to deposit them on PET-ITO substrates. The sols were made from either isopropanol or its mixture with n-butanol, both exhibiting similar rheological behaviour and a viscosity of the order of magnitude of 10-3 Pa s. A cross-hatch test revealed the excellent adhesion of these films on the ITO surface and delamination occurred preferentially at the ITO-plastic interface when the films were subjected to deliberate bending. The electrochemical and optical properties of the vanadium oxide films were analysed using in-situ UV-vis absorbance spectroelectrochemistry. The response was correspondingly lower than with films deposited on FTO-glass. Ex-situ IR reflection-absorption spectroscopy showed that vanadyl V-OA and superimposed bridging V-OB-V and 3V-OC bands appear at lower frequencies compared to crystalline V2O5, due to the hydr ated nanocrystalline structure. An intercalation induced red-shift of the vanadyl mode and the disappearance of the superimposed V-OB-V and 3V-OC bands, but the spectrum was restored to the initial situation after deintercalation. The modulation of polaron absorption that extends from the near to mid-IR spectral region up to 2000 cm-1 was not visible due to transfer of the films from electrochemical cell to the IR spectrometer. The electrochromic properties of the vanadium oxide films deposited on PET-ITO substrate were tested in a liquid electrolyte-based cell with an electrochromically active PEDOT film and 1 M LiClO4/propylene carbonate electrolyte.