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4H-SiC homoepitaxial growth on substrates with different off-cut directions

: Kallinger, B.; Thomas, B.; Berwian, P.; Friedrich, J.; Trachta, G.; Weber, A.-D.


Monakhov, E.V.:
Silicon carbide and related materials 2010. Selected, peer reviewed papers from the 8th European Conference on Silicon Carbide and Related Materials, ECSCRM 2010 : 29 August - 2 September 2010, Sundvolden Conference Center, held in Oslo, Norway
Dürnten: Trans Tech Publications, 2011 (Materials Science Forum 679/680)
ISBN: 978-3-03-785079-4
European Conference on Silicon Carbide and Related Materials (ECSCRM) <8, 2010, Oslo>
Fraunhofer IISB ()

Homoepitaxial growth on 4° off-axis substrates with different off-cut directions, i.e. [11-20] and [1-100], was investigated using a commercial CVD reactor. The characteristics of the growth process on substrates with different off-cut directions were determined with respect to applicable C/Si ratio, growth rate and n- and p-type doping range. Stable step flow growth was achieved over a broad range of C/Si ratio at growth rates 15 m/h in both cases. The n-type doping level of epilayers can be controlled at least in the range from 5 × 1014 cm-3 to 3 × 1017 cm -3 on both types of substrates. Highly p-type epilayers with p = 2 × 1019 cm-3 can also be grown on [1-100] off-cut substrates. Hence, the growth process for standard substrates was successfully transferred to [1-100] off-cut substrates resulting in epilayers with similar doping levels. The dislocation content of the grown epilayers was investigated by means of defect selective etching (DSE) in molten KOH. For both off-cut directions of the substrates, similar densities of threading edge dislocations (TED), threading screw dislocations (TSD) and basal plane dislocations (BPD) were found in the epilayers. Epilayers with very low BPD density can be grown on both kinds of substrates. The remaining BPDs in epilayers are inclined along the off-cut direction of the substrate. The surface morphology and roughness was investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The epilayers grown on [1-100] off-cut substrates are smoother than those on standard substrates.