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Polarization insensitive 25-Gbaud direct D(Q)PSK receiver based on polymer planar lightwave hybrid integration platform

: Wang, J.; Zawadzki, C.; Mettbach, N.; Brinker, W.; Zhang, Z.; Schmidt, D.; Keil, N.; Grote, N.; Schell, M.

Postprint (1.4 MByte; PDF; )

Optics Express 19 (2011), Nr.13, S.12197-12207
ISSN: 1094-4087
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer HHI ()

We report a direct DPSK receiver based on polymer planar lightwave circuit technology, which incorporates a 2×25 GHz photodiode (PD) array hybridly integrated via 45° mirrors. In this direct DPSK receiver, a half-wave plate and heating electrodes are implemented to eliminate the polarization-dependent frequency-shift (PDFS) of the delay-line interferometer (DLI). By applying a proper heating current, a residual PDFS of practically zero at 1550 nm and within ±125 MHz was achieved over the full C-band. Integrated with the PD array, the peak responsivity is 0.14 A/W for orthogonal polarizations over the C-band. To characterize this direct receiver, we introduce an adapted common-mode rejection ratio (CMRR), which takes into account the unequal responsivities of the PDs, the uneven split of the input power by the DLI, the phase error and the extinction ratio of the DLI. The measured CMRR under DC condition is below -20 dB over the C-band.