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Histopathological investigation of different MCAO modalities and impact of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cell administration in an ovine stroke model

: Boltze, Johannes; Nitzsche, Björn; Geiger, Kathrin D.; Schoon, Heinz-Adolf


Translational Stroke Research 2 (2011), Nr.3, S.279-293
ISSN: 1868-4483
ISSN: 1868-601X
Fraunhofer IZI ()
Schlaganfall; Großtiermodell; Tiermodell; Zelltherapie; neuroprotection; translational research; brain ischaemia

Translational researchers and clinicians recommend the use of large animal models in preclinical stroke research. This represents an important part of a strategy aiming to prevent past translational failures in future therapeutic developments. Thirty-five Merino rams were subjected to sham surgery (n = 3), one-branch middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO, n = 8) or total MCAO (n = 24). Twelve animals from the latter group received intravenous administration of 4 × 106 autologous mononuclear bone marrow cells (BM MNC) per kilogram 24 h after total MCAO. Animals were sacrificed at day 49 post MCAO. Histological investigations were performed to reveal (1) the impact of different MCAO modalities on a cellular level and (2) the influence of BM MNC therapy following stroke. Clear differences between one-branch and total MCAO were observed histologically with results being comparable to those seen in human patients. BM MNC treatment reduced final lesion extension, lymphocytic infiltration and axonal degeneration after MCAO. The sheep model may represent a feasible tool for translational stroke research as pathohistological findings mimic the situation in humans. Histological evidence was found for beneficial impact of autologous BM MNC therapy. Further studies are needed to assess the neurofunctional impact of the approach in the gyrencephalic brain.