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Free-running temperature and potential for free cooling by ventilation

A case study
 
: Inard, C.; Pfafferott, J.; Ghiaus, C.

:

Energy and buildings 43 (2011), Nr.10, S.2705-2711
ISSN: 0378-7788
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer ISE ()
Thermische Anlagen und Gebäudetechnik; Energieeffiziente Gebäude und Gebäudetechnik; Wärme- und Kältespeicher

Abstract
Free-cooling by ventilation is one of the most energy efficient techniques for cooling. When ventilation is used for cooling, variable airflow rates should to be used in order to achieve comfortable room temperatures and to minimize the energy demand for mechanical ventilation. Thus, free-cooling, requires, obviously, the existence of a potential for cooling and needs control mechanisms for the airflow. In this study, the free cooling potential by ventilation for office buildings is evaluated by the free-running temperature. The free-running temperature approach is based on the energy balance of heat gains and losses. It is adapted to evaluate the potential for free cooling by ventilation of office buildings for which the gains through the walls are negligible as compared to the internal and solar gains. The free-running temperature of each office room considers solar and internal heat gains, outdoor temperature, indoor temperatures and ventilation air flow rates. The a pproach is applied to 14 office rooms in a passively cooled office building in Germany and is used to estimate the potential and to evaluate the total energy saving by free cooling by ventilation. The good fit between monitoring data and calculation procedure proves that the free cooling potential can be accurately estimated by using the difference between the comfort limits, i.e. the target value of the indoor temperature, and the free-running temperature.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-189113.html