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Cracks in functionally graded materials

 
: Bahr, H.-A.; Balke, H.; Fett, T.; Hofinger, I.; Kirchhoff, G.; Munz, D.; Neubrand, A.; Semenov, A.S.; Weiss, H.-J.; Yang, Y.Y.

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Materials Science and Engineering, A. Structural materials, properties, microstructure and processing 362 (2003), Nr.1-2, S.2-16
ISSN: 0921-5093
ISSN: 1873-4936
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer IWS ()

Abstract
The weight function method is described to analyze the crack growth behavior in functionally graded materials and in particular materials with a rising crack growth resistance curve. Further, failure of graded thermal barrier coatings (TBCs ) under cyclic surface heating by laser irradiation is modeled on the basis off racture mechanics. The damage of both graded and non-graded TBCs is found to develop in several distinct stages: vertical cracking → delamination → blistering → spalling. This sequence can be understood as an effect of progressive shrinkage due to sintering and high-temperature creep during thermal cycling, which increases the energy-release rate for vertical cracks which subsequ ently turn into delamination cracks. The results of finite element modeling, tak ing into account the TBC damage mechanisms, are compatible with experimental data. An increase of interface fracture toughness due to grading and a decrease due to ageing have been measured in a four-point bending test modified by a stiffening layer. Correlation with the damage observed in cyclic heating is discussed. It is explained in which way grading is able to reduce the damage.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-18724.html