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Results of ACTIM: An EDA study on spectral laser imaging

: Hamoir, Dominique; Hespel, Laurent; Deliot, Philippe; Boucher, Yannick; Steinvall, Ove; Ahlberg, Jörgen; Larsson, Hakan; Letalick, Dietmar; Lutzmann, Peter; Repasi, Endre; Ritt, Gunnar


Kamerman, G.W. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Electro-Optical Remote Sensing, Photonic Technologies, and Applications V : SPIE Remote Sensing, Prague, Czech Republic 19-22 September 2011
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2011 (Proceedings of SPIE 8186)
ISBN: 978-0-8194-8814-5
Paper 81860M
Conference "Electro-Optical Remote Sensing, Photonic Technologies, and Applications" <5, 2011, Prague>
Fraunhofer IOSB ()
laser imaging; active imaging; hyperspectral; multispectral; laser; imaging; lidar; ladar

The European Defence Agency (EDA) launched the Active Imaging (ACTIM) study to investigate the potential of active imaging, especially that of spectral laser imaging. The work included a literature survey, the identification of promising military applications, system analyses, a roadmap and recommendations.
Passive multi- and hyper-spectral imaging allows discriminating between materials. But the measured radiance in the sensor is difficult to relate to spectral reflectance due to the dependence on e.g. solar angle, clouds, shadows... In turn, active spectral imaging offers a complete control of the illumination, thus eliminating these effects. In addition it allows observing details at long ranges, seeing through degraded atmospheric conditions, penetrating obscurants (foliage, camouflage ...) or retrieving polarization information. When 3D, it is suited to producing numerical terrain models and to performing geometry-based identification. Hence fusing the knowledge of ladar and passive spectral imaging will result in new capabilities.
We have identified three main application areas for active imaging, and for spectral active imaging in particular: (1) long range observation for identification, (2) mid-range mapping for reconnaissance, (3) shorter range perception for threat detection. We present the system analyses that have been performed for confirming the interests, limitations and requirements of spectral active imaging in these three prioritized applications.