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Evolution dynamics of discrete-continuous light bullets

: Eilenberger, F.; Minardi, S.; Szameit, A.; Röpke, U.; Kobelke, J.; Schuster, K.; Bartelt, H.; Nolte, S.; Torner, L.; Lederer, F.; Tünnermann, A.; Pertsch, T.


Physical Review. A 84 (2011), Nr.1, Art. 013836, 10 S.
ISSN: 0556-2791
ISSN: 1050-2947
ISSN: 1094-1622
Fraunhofer IOF ()

We experimentally and numerically investigate the propagation of light bullets (LBs) excited in two-dimensional fiber arrays. The combination of nonlinear self-frequency shift, wavelength dependence of the dispersion, and the interwaveguide coupling strength induce an adiabatic variation of the parameters of the LBs along their propagation paths, until they reach the limits of the regime of existence and decay. The relative strength of the various perturbative effects can partially be controlled by the array's geometry. The characterization of the LB dynamics is carried out by implementing a spatiotemporal, cross-correlating, and spectrally resolved imaging system with femtosecond resolution. The experimental results are in good agreement with the numerical data if higher-order nonlinear effects and the wavelength dependence of the dispersion and coupling are included. The observed wave packets are linked to the stationary solutions of the simplified nonlinear Schrödinger equation. Furthermore, the maximum possible range of existence of LBs in arrays of waveguides is discussed.