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Critical plane approach for the assessment of the fatigue behaviour of welded aluminium under multiaxial loading

: Küppers, M.; Sonsino, C.M.


Fatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures 26 (2003), Nr.6, S.507-513
ISSN: 8756-758X
ISSN: 0160-4112
ISSN: 1460-2695
International Conference on Biaxial/Multiaxial Fatigue & Fracture <6, 2001, Lisbon>
Fraunhofer LBF ()
Schweißnaht; Torsion; bending; Biegebeanspruchung; plane bending; Planbiegung; multiaxial loading; mehrachsige Beanspruchung

Multiaxial stress states in many welded constructions like chemical plants, railway carriages and frames of trucks. Those stresses can have constant and changing principal stress directions, depending on the loading mode. Latest research results on welded steel joints show a loss of fatigue life for changing principal stress directions simulated by out-of-phase bending and torsion compared to constant directions given by in-phase loading. However, aluminium welds reveal no influence of changing principal directions on fatigue life compared to multiaxial loading with constant principal stress directions. This behaviour is not predictable by any conventional hypothesis. A hypothesis on the basis of local normal and shear stresses in the critical plane has been developed and applied to aluminium weldings.