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Software licenses as mobile objects in distributed computing environments

: Cacciari, C.; Mallmann, D.; Zsigri, C.; D'Andria, F.; Hagemeier, B.; García Peréz, D.; Rumpl, A.; Ziegler, W.; Gozalo, M.; Martrat, J.


Guarracino, M.R.:
Euro-Par 2010 Parallel Processing Workshops : HeteroPAR, HPCC, HiBB, CoreGrid, UCHPC, HPCF, PROPER, CCPI, VHPC; Ischia, Italy, August 31 - September 3, 2010; revised selected papers
Heidelberg: Springer, 2011 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science 6586)
ISBN: 978-3-642-21877-4
ISBN: 3-642-21877-6
ISSN: 0302-9743
Parallel Processing Workshops <2010, Ischia>
Workshop on Grids, Clouds and P2P Computing <2010, Ischia>
Fraunhofer SCAI ()
software licenses; distributed computing infrastructures; grid; cloud; SLA negotiation; WS-agreement

Current praxis of software licensing has been identified as major obstacle for Grid computing a couple of years ago already. Recent surveys of Clouds indicate that the same holds true for Cloud computing. As a consequence, using commercial applications that require access to a license server for authorisation at run-time has been quite limited until recently in distributed computing environments. Due to the mandatory centralised control of license usage at application run-time, e.g. heartbeat control by the license server, traditional software licensing practices are not suitable especially when the environment stretches across adminis- trative domains. In this paper we present a novel approach for managing software licenses as web service resources in distributed service oriented environments. Licenses become mobile objects, which may move to the environment where required to authorise the execution of a license pro- tected application. The SmartLM solution decouples authorisation for license usage from authorisation for application execution. All authori- sations are expressed and guaranteed by Service Level Agreements.