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An adapted filament model for accurate modeling of printed coplanar lines with significant surface roughness and proximity effects

: Curran, B.; Ndip, I.; Werner, C.; Ruttkowski, V.; Maiwald, M.; Wolf, H.; Zoellmer, V.; Domann, G.; Guttovski, S.; Gieser, H.; Reichl, H.


International journal of microwave and wireless technologies 2 (2010), Nr.3-4, S.273-281
ISSN: 1759-0795
ISSN: 1759-0787
Fraunhofer IZM ()

New technologies have resulted in transmission lines that deviate significantly from the intended rectangular cross sections. Trapezoidal cross sections and roughness that penetrate a significant depth into the surface in comparison to the skin-depth of the conductor can cause a very significant deviation in transmission line parameters from predicted values. Proximity effect further complicates the analysis by increasing losses and changing the impact of surface roughness by changing the current distribution. A skin-effect filament model that combines a traditional skin-effect filament modeling concept with traditional surface roughness modeling concepts is presented that accounts for surface roughness effects and non-ideal cross sections. The new technique models the transmission line non-idealities in a combined way with the current density in the signal and return current paths. This adapted filament model shows an average deviation of less than 2% above 1GHz with o ne given transmission line measurement and does not have the computational challenges seen in a 3D full-wave solver.