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Temperature moisture and mode mixity dependent EMC- Copper (Oxide) interfacial toughness

: Xiao, A.; Schlottig, G.; Pape, H.; Wunderle, B.; Jansen, K.M.B.; Ernst, L.J.

Society for Experimental Mechanics -SEM-, Bethel:
SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics 2010. Vol.2 : Indianapolis, 7 - 10 June 2010
Red Hook, NY: Curran, 2010
ISBN: 978-1-617-38690-9
SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics <2010, Indianapolis>
Fraunhofer IZM ()

An ongoing root cause of failure in microelectronic industry is interface delamination. In order to explore the risk of interface damage, FE simulations for the fabrication steps as well as for the testing conditions are generally made in the design stage. In order to be able to judge the risk for interface fracture, the critical fracture properties of the interfaces being applied should be available, for the occurring combinations of temperature and moisture preconditioning. As a consequence there is an urgent need to establish these critical interface fracture parameters. For brittle interfaces such as between epoxy molding compound (EMC) and metal (-oxide) substrates the critical energy release rate (or delamination toughness) can be considered as the suitable material parameter. This material parameter is strongly dependent on the temperature, the moisture content of the materials involved and on the so-called mode-mixity of the stress state near the crack tip. The present study deals with experimental investigation of the delamination toughness of EMC-Copper lead-frame interfaces as can directly be obtained from the production line. A small-scaled test setup was designed. The test setup is suitable for actualizing both pure mode I DCB (double cantilever beam) loading and pure mode II ENF (end notched flexure) loading and allows transferring two separated loadings (mode I and mode II) on a single specimen. The setup is flexible and adjustable for measuring specimens with various dimensions. For measurements under various temperatures and moisture conditions, a special climate chamber is designed. In this paper, the experiment and simulation procedure for establishing the interfacial fracture toughness from fracture test results at different temperatures, especially in the glass transition temperature region of epoxy molding compound (EMC) will be shown.