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Amorphous silicon carbide heterojunction solar cells on p-type substrates

: Pysch, D.; Bivour, M.; Hermle, M.; Glunz, S.W.


Thin solid films 519 (2011), Nr.8, S.2550-2554
ISSN: 0040-6090
Fraunhofer ISE ()
Solarzellen - Entwicklung und Charakterisierung; Silicium-Photovoltaik; Oberflächen - Konditionierung; Passivierung; Lichteinfang; Herstellung und Analyse von hocheffizienten Solarzellen; Industrielle und neuartige Solarzellenstrukturen

The performance of silicon heterojunction (SHJ) solar cells is discussed in this paper in regard to their dependence on the applied amorphous silicon layers, their thicknesses and surface morphology. The emitter system investigated in this work consists of an n-doped, hydrogenized, amorphous silicon carbide a-SiC:H(n) layer with or without a pure, hydrogenized, intrinsic, amorphous silicon a-Si:H(i) intermediate layer. All solar cells were fabricated on p-type FZ-silicon and feature a high-efficiency backside consisting of a SiO2 passivation layer and a diffused local boron back surface field, allowing us to focus only on the effects of the front side emitter system. The highest solar cell efficiency achieved within this work is 18.5%, which is one of the highest values for SHJ-solar cells using p-type substrates. A dependence of the passivation quality on the surface morphology was only observed for solar cells including an a-Si:H(i) layer. It could be shown that the f ill factor suffers from a reduction due to a reduced pseudo fill factor for emitter thicknesses below 11 nm due to a lower passivation quality and/or a higher potential for shunting thorough the a-Si emitter to the crystalline wafer with the conductive indium tin oxide layer. Furthermore, the influence of a variation of the doping gas flow (PH3) during the plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition of the doped amorphous silicon carbide a-SiC:H(n) on the solar cell current-voltage characteristic-parameter has been investigated. We could demonstrate that a-SiC:H(n) shows in principle the same dependence on PH3-flow as pure a-Si:H(n).