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Tuning the structure and the magnetic properties of metallo-supramolecular polyelectrolyte-amphiphile complexes

: Schwarz, G.; Bodenthin, Y.; Tomkowicz, Z.; Haase, W.; Geue, T.; Kohlbrecher, J.; Pietsch, U.; Kurth, D.G.


Journal of the American Chemical Society 133 (2011), Nr.3, S.547-558
ISSN: 0002-7863
ISSN: 1520-5126
Fraunhofer ISC ()

Self-assembly of Fe2+ ions and the rigid ditopic ligand 1,4-bis(2,2':6',2'-terpyridin-4'-yl)benzene results in metallo-supramolecular coordination polyelectrolytes (MEPE). Sequential self-assembly of MEPE and dialkyl phosphoric acid esters of varying chain length via electrostatic interactions leads to the corresponding polyelectrolyte-amphiphile complexes (PAC), which have liquid-crystalline properties. The PACs have a stratified architecture where the MEPE is embedded in between the amphiphile layers. Upon heating above room temperature, the PACs show either a reversible or an irreversible spin-crossover (SCO) in a temperature range from 360 to 460 K depending on the architecture of the amphiphilic matrix. As the number of amphiphiles per metal ion is increased in the sequence 1:2, 1:4, and 1:6, the temperature of the SCO is shifted to higher values whereas the amphiphile chain length does not have a significant impact on the SCO temperature. In summary, we describe i n this article how the structure and the magnetic response function of PACs can be tailored through the design of the ligand and the composition. To investigate the structure and the magnetic behavior, we use X-ray scattering, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, faraday-balance, and superconducting quantum interference measurements in combination with molecular modeling.