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Next generation 8xx nm laser bars and single emitters

: Strauss, U.; Müller, M.; Swietlik, T.; Fehse, R.; Lauer, C.; Grönninger, G.; König, H.; Keidler, M.; Fillardet, T.; Kohl, A.; Stoiber, M.; Scholl, I.; Biesenbach, J.; Baeumler, M.; Konstanzer, H.


Zediker, M.S. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
High-power diode laser technology and applications IX : 23 - 25 January 2011, San Francisco, California, United States; Part of SPIE Photonics West
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2011 (Proceedings of SPIE 7918)
ISBN: 978-0-8194-8455-0
Paper 79180T
High-Power Diode Laser Technology and Applications Conference <9, 2011, San Francisco/Calif.>
Fraunhofer IAF ()
semiconductor laser; facet load; COMD; laser bar; TO laser; q-cw laser; high temperature

Semiconductor lasers with emission in the range 790 - 880 nm are in use for a variety of application resulting in different laser designs to fulfill requirements in output power, operation temperature and lifetimes. The output power is limited by self heating and catastrophic optical mirror damage at the laser facet (COMD). Now we present data on bars fabricated with our new facet technology, which enables us to double the maximum facet load. We present q-cw laser bar with 80% fill factor with increased power level to 350W in long term operation at 200s and 100Hz. The COMD limit of the bar is as high as 680W. Using Quantel's optimized packaging stacks with 11 bars of 5mm widths are tested at up to 120A resulting over 66% power conversion efficiency at 1600W output power. Laser bars for continuous wave operation like 50% fill factor bars had an COMD limit of approx. 250W with conventional facet technology, the value is equivalent to 10W per 200m emitter (conditions: 200s ). The new facet technology pushes the facet stability to 24W/emitter. The new process and an improved design enable us to shift continuous wave operation at 808nm from 100W to 150W/bar with lifetimes of several thousand hours at 30°C using DILAS mounting technology. Higher power is possible depending on lifetime requirements. The power conversion efficiency of the improved devices is as high as 62% at 200W cw. The next limitation of 8xxnm lasers is high temperature operation: Values of 60-80°C are common for consumer applications of single emitters. Therefore Osram developed a new epitaxial design which reduced the generation of bulk defects. The corresponding Osram single emitters operate at junction temperatures up to 95°C, a value which corresponds to 80°C heat sink temperature for lasers soldered on C-mount or 65°C case temperature for lasers mounted in TO can. Current densities of the single emitter broad area lasers are as high as 1.4kA/cm2 at 850nm emission wavelength.