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A bioanalytical microsystem for protein and DNA sensing based on a monolithic silicon optoelectronic transducer

: Misiakos, K.; Petrou, P.S.; Kakabakos, S.E.; Ruf, H.H.; Ehrentreich-Förster, E.; Bier, F.F.

Postprint (PDF; )

Journal of physics. Conference series 10 (2005), Nr.1, S.273-276
ISSN: 1742-6588
ISSN: 1742-6596
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IBMT ()

A bioanalytical microsystem that is based on a monolithic silicon optical transducer and a microfluidic module and it is appropriate for real-time sensing of either DNA or protein analytes is presented. The optical transducer monolithically integrates silicon avalanche diodes as light sources, silicon nitride optical fibers and detectors and efficiently intercouples these optical elements through a self-alignment technique. After hydrophilization and silanization of the transducer surface, the biomolecular probes are immobilized through physical adsorption. Detection is performed through reaction of the immobilized biomolecules with gold nanoparticle labeled counterpart molecules. The binding of these molecules within the evanescent field at the surface of the optical fiber cause attenuated total reflection of the waveguided modes and reduction of the detector photocurrent. Using the developed microsystem, determination of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the gen e of the human phenol sulfotransferase SULT1A1 was achieved. Full-matching hybrid resulted in 4-5 times higher signals compared to the mismatched hybrid after hybridization and dissociation processes. The protein sensing abilities of the developed microsystem were also investigated through a non-competitive assay for the determination of the MB isoform of creatine kinase enzyme (CK-MB) that is a widely used cardiac marker.