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Recent results of blue and green InGaN laser diodes for laser projection

: Lutgen, S.; Dini, D.; Pietzonka, I.; Tautz, S.; Breidenassel, A.; Lell, A.; Avramescu, A.; Eichler, C.; Lermer, T.; Müller, J.; Bruederl, G.; Gomez-Iglesias, A.; Strauss, U.; Scheibenzuber, W.G.; Schwarz, U.T.; Pasenow, B.; Koch, S.


Belyanin, A.A. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Novel in-plane semiconductor lasers X : 25-28 January 2011, San Francisco, California, United States
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2011 (Proceedings of SPIE 7953)
ISBN: 978-0-8194-8490-1
Paper 79530G
Conference "Novel In-Plane Semiconductor Lasers" <10, 2011, San Francisco/Calif.>
Fraunhofer IAF ()
semiconductor laser; GaN; RWG laser

Mobile laser projection is of great commercial interest. Today, a key parameter in embedded mobile applications is the optical output power and the wall plug efficiency of blue and green lasers. We report on improvements of the performance of true blue riedge waveguide InGaN lasers at 452nm with cw-output power up to 800mW in overstress and mono mode operation up to 500mW in a temperatures range of 20°C to 80°C. We succeeded in high and almost temperature independent wall plug efficiencies >20% at stable output power levels from 200 to 500mW in cw-operation. Due to several improvements of our blue laser diodes we now estimate life times is in the order of 40khrs for 80mW output power in cw-operation at 40°C. Additional overstress degradation tests at power levels up to 200mW show a strong dependency of lifetime with output power. Furthermore, we present pioneering results on true green InGaN laser diodes on c-plane GaN-substrates. The technological challenge is to achieve In-rich InGaN-quantum wells with sufficiently high material quality for lasing. We investigated the competing recombination processes below laser threshold like nonradiative defect recombination by electro-optical measurements, such confirming that low defect densities are essential for stimulated emission. A model for alloy fluctuations in In-rich InGaN-MQWs based on spectral and time resolved photoluminescence measurements yields potential fluctuations in the order of E0=57meV for our blue laser diodes. To get a closer insight into the physics of direct green InGaN-Laser we investigated the inhomogeneous broadening of experimentally measured gain curves via Hakki-Paoli-measurements in comparison to calculated gain spectra based on microscopic theory showing the importance of strong LO-phonon coupling in this material system. Investigations of current dependent gain measurements and calculations yield a factor of 2 higher inhomogeneous broadening for our green lasers than for our blue laser diodes on c-plane GaN. Based on the improvements of the material quality and design we demonstrate true green InGaN-Laser in cw-operation at 522nm with more than 80mW output power on c-plane GaN. The combination of low laser threshold ~60-80mA, high slope efficiency ~0.65W/A and low operating voltage 6.9-6.4V of our green monomode RWG-Laser results in a high wall plug efficiency of 5-6% in a temperature range of 20-60°C.