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Self-assembling of networks in an agent-based model

: Schweitzer, F.; Tilch, B.


Physical Review. E 66 (2002), Nr.2, Art. 026113, 9 S.
ISSN: 1063-651X
ISSN: 1539-3755
Fraunhofer AIS ( IAIS) ()
networks; agent-based model; Brownian agents; computer simulation; network structures; connectivity

We propose a model to show the self-assembling of networklike structures between a set of nodes without using preexisting positional information or long-range attraction of the nodes. The model is based on Brownian agents that are capable of producing different local (chemical) information and respond to it in a nonlinear manner. They solve two tasks in parallel: (i) the detection of the appropriate nodes, and (ii) the establishment of stable links between them. We present results of computer simulations that demonstrate the emergence of robust network structures and investigate the connectivity of the network by means of both analytical estimations and computer simulations.