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Direct visualization of regions with lowered bone mineral density in dual-energy CT images of vertebrae

: Wesarg, Stefan; Erdt, Marius; Kafchitsas, Konstantinos; Khan, M. Fawad


Summers, R.M. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Medical imaging 2011. Computer-aided diagnosis. Vol.2 : 15 - 17 February 2011, Lake Buena Vista, [Florida], United States
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2011 (Proceedings of SPIE 7963)
ISBN: 978-0-8194-8505-2
ISSN: 1605-7422
Medical Imaging Symposium <2011, Lake Buena Vista/Fla.>
Fraunhofer IGD ()
medical visualization; computed tomography (CT); diagnostic imaging; Forschungsgruppe Medical Computing (MECO)

Dual-energy CT allows for a better material differentiation than conventional CT. For the purpose of osteoporosis diagnosis, a detection of regions with lowered bone mineral density (BMD) is of high clinical interest. Based on an existing biophysical model of the trabecular bone in vertebrae a new method for directly highlighting those low density regions in the image data has been developed. For this, we combine image data acquired at 80 kV and 140 kV with information about the BMD range in different vertebrae and derive a method for computing a color enhanced image which clearly indicates low density regions. An evaluation of our method which compares it with a quantitative method for BMD assessment shows a very good correspondence between both methods. The strength of our method lies in its simplicity and speed.