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Strengthening interfaces in innovation systems: Rationale, concepts and (new) instruments

Published in: European Commission (Ed.): Science and Technology Policies in Europe: New Challenges and New Responses. Proceedings of the STRATA Consolidating Workshop, Brussels, 22-23 April 2002, p.300-370
: Smits, R.; Kuhlmann, S.
: Hertog, P. den; Boon, W.
: Fraunhofer-Institut für Systemtechnik und Innovationsforschung -ISI-, Karlsruhe

Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the EU, 2002, 70 S.
European Commission Studies EUR, 20441
ISBN: 92-894-4843-1
Fraunhofer ISI ()
innovation study; innovation policy; policy instrument; innovation system; systemic instrument

Starting from the co-evolutionary development of innovation practice, -theory and -policy, 5 functions are identified that play a crucial role in the management of present-day innovation processes: (1) management of interfaces, (2) (de--) construction and organising (inovation) systems, (3) providing a platform for learning and experimenting, (4) providing an infrastructure for strategic intelligence and (5) stimulating demand articulation, strategy and vision development. From an analysis of innovation policy instrument portfolios it appears that the already existing instruments can be classified in three categories (financial, diffusion oriented and managerial support) and that they only cover a small part of the 5 'systemic' functions. Furthermore itis concluded that the portfolios are heavily dominateda by financial instruments. It is argued that the development of a (relarively) new type of instrument, the systemic instruments, should be furthered in order to tune the instrument portfolio better to the needs of actors involved in innovation processes. In order to obtain a better insight into the characteristics of systemic instruments, their success and fail factors, and into strategies for their further development, effectiveness and use a description and first analysis of 4 systemic instruments avant la letter is presented. From this suggestions for policy are derived and questions for further research are propsed.