Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Template-controlled thermolysis of single-source-precursors

: Erk, C.; Wehrspohn, R.B.; Steinhart, M.; Schlecht, S.


Physica status solidi. B 247 (2010), Nr.10, S.2393-2400
ISSN: 0031-8957
ISSN: 0370-1972
Fraunhofer IWM ()

Shape-defining hard templates containing arrays of aligned cylindrical nanopores have been exploited as a powerful tool in the synthesis of tubular; rod-like, and core shell-type one-dimensional (ID) nanostructures consisting of inorganic materials. Gaining control over the crystallinity, the crystal orientation, and the internal morphology of the products is a challenging task and obviously turns out to be crucial for adjusting the properties of the nanostructures. Template-controlled thermolysis of single-source-precursors inside nanoporous hard templates is a versatile route toward single-crystalline nanorods, but also polycrystalline and complex nanostructures can be produced. By alterations of the 'single-source-precursors and reaction conditions and by exploiting the hard templates as reactants, several target materials, including compound semiconductors, metals, and spinel-type materials of varying crystallinity and morphology can be obtained. Moreover, core-shell nanowires have been accessible in this way. synthesized inside macroporous silicon or mesoporous alumina templates exhibit large aspect ratios and high uniformity in size and shape. Therefore the template-assisted-thermolysis of single-source-precursors represents a well-defined platform toward the straightforward synthesis and characterization of ID inorganic nanostructures.