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African descents are more sensitive than European descents to the antitumor compounds alpha-Hederin and kalopanaxsaponin I

: Feller, G.; Kugel, A.; Moonshine, D.; Chalifa-Caspi, V.; Scholz, M.; Prüfer, D.; Rabinski, T.; Müller, K.J.; Ofir, R.


Planta medica 76 (2010), Nr.16, S.1847-1851
ISSN: 0032-0943
ISSN: 1439-0221
Fraunhofer IME ()

alpha-Hederin, a natural triterpene saponin and its derivative kalopanaxsaponin I (ksI) exhibit cytotoxicity against various cancer cell lines and in vivo tumors. We studied the genetic variants contributing to the activity of these two anticancer compounds. Cell lines derived from 30 trios of European descent (Centre d'Etude du Polymor-phisme Human, CEPH; CEU) and 30 trios of African descent (Yoruban, YRI) were used. Cytotoxicity was determined as inhibition of cell growth at increasing concentrations of alpha-hederin or ksI for 24 h. In comparison to the European, the Yoruban populations revealed a higher sensitivity to alpha-hederin and to ksI that can be attributed to several unique SNPs. These SNPs are located near 111 and 130 genes in the European and the Yoruban populations, respectively, raising the possibility that some of these genes contribute to the differential sensitivity to these compounds.