Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Pseudo-elastic description of polymeric foams at finite deformation with stress softening and residual strain effects

: Zhang, X.F.; Andrieux, F.; Sun, D.Z.


Materials and design 32 (2011), Nr.2, S.877-884
ISSN: 0264-1275
ISSN: 0261-3069
Fraunhofer IWM ()

Polymeric foams are typical materials for energy absorber in such areas as aircraft, car industry and in the field of electronic packaging. Besides the typical hyperelastic behaviour, non-linear stress-strain behaviour in large elastic deformation, polymeric foams may also exhibit some inelastic effects, like stress softening and residual strain. In this paper we first describe some experiment results that illustrate the stress softening in compressible expanded polypropylene (EPP) foams together with associated residual strain effects. Then, based on Ogden and Dorfmann's results, a pseudo-elastic model is introduced to capture the stress softening and residual strain effects by including of two variables in the energy function. Numerical simulations of uniaxial-compression tests of two types of EPP foam are used to determine the material parameters of Ogden's model, stress softening and residual strain effects. The numerical simulations indicate that the pseudo-elastic model provides reasonably accurate predictions of the inelastic behaviour of polymeric foam.