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Occurence and formation of nitrated phenols in and out of cloud



Atmospheric environment 31 (1997), Nr.16, S.2637-2648
ISSN: 0004-6981
ISSN: 1352-2310
Fraunhofer ITA ( ITEM) ()
cloud water; BTEX-aromatic; liquid-phase reaction; phenol; nitrogen oxide; gas phase

In this study, the concentrations of phenol, four nitrated phenols, their precursors and reactants in air and cloud water, are presented. The concentrations in air and cloud water were measured simultaneously at the summit of Great Dun Fell (GDF). The measured concentrations were compared with emission data, leading to the conclusion, that in particular dinitrophenols are formed by atmospheric reactions, while car exhaust accounts to a significant extent for the mononitrophenols observed. The experimental results point to a formation of dinitrophenols in the liquid phase (cloud droplets). This is corroborated by flow tube experiments which show that phenol in aqueous solution reacts with N2O5 and ClNO2 to form nitrophenols.