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Ultra-compact imaging system based on multi-aperture architecture

: Meyer, J.; Brückner, A.; Leitel, R.; Dannberg, P.; Bräuer, A.; Tünnermann, A.


Schenk, H. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems X : SPIE Photonics West, 22.-27.1.2011, San Francisco, California, USA
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2011 (Proceedings of SPIE 7930)
ISBN: 978-0-8194-8467-3
Paper 79300C
Conference "MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems" <10, 2011, San Francisco/Calif.>
Fraunhofer IOF ()
camera; imaging; microoptics; multichannel; multiaperture; compound eye; reflow; cluster eye; wafer level camera; imaging system

As a matter of course, cameras are integrated in the field of information and communication technology. It can be observed, that there is a trend that those cameras get smaller and at the same time cheaper. Because single aperture have a limit of miniaturization, while simultaneously keeping the same space-bandwidth-product and transmitting a wide field of view, there is a need of new ideas like the multi aperture optical systems. In the proposed camera system the image is formed with many different channels each consisting of four microlenses which are arranged one after another in different microlens arrays. A partial image which fits together with the neighbouring one is formed in every single channel, so that a real erect image is generated and a conventional image sensor can be used. The microoptical fabrication process and the assembly are well established and can be carried out on wafer-level. Laser writing is used for the fabrication of the masks. UV-lithography, a reflow process and UV-molding is needed for the fabrication of the apertures and the lenses. The developed system is very small in terms of both length and lateral dimensions and has a VGA resolution and a diagonal field of view of 65 degrees. This microoptical vision system is appropriate for being implemented in electronic devices such as webcams integrated in notebookdisplays.