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Addressing input saturation and kinematic constraints of overactuated undercarriages by predictive potential fields

: Connette, Christian P.; Pott, Andreas; Hägele, Martin


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-; Robotics Society of Japan -RSJ-:
IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2010 : October 18-22, 2010, Taipei, Taiwan
New York, NY: IEEE, 2010
ISBN: 978-1-4244-6676-4
ISBN: 978-1-4244-6674-0
ISBN: 1-4244-6674-1
ISBN: 978-1-4244-6675-7
International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) <23, 2010, Taipei>
Fraunhofer IPA ()
mobile robot; mobiler Roboter; Care-O-Bot; kinematic; undercarriage; control; Robotersteuerung; Kinematik; Fahrwerk; Regelung

Currently, pseudo-omnidirectional, wheeled mobile robots with independently steered and driven wheels seem to provide a solid compromise between complexity, flexibility and robustness. Yet, such undercarriages are imposed to the risk of actuator fighting and suffer from singular regions within their configuration space. To address these problems we expand a previously developed potential field (PF) based approach by expanding it with a predictive horizon. The proposed method is based on a model predictive control (MPC) approach, incorporating a gradient descent optimization step via the Pontryagin minimum principle. To enforce adherence to the constraints during optimization, we modify the Lagrange-multipliers within the backpropagation of the costates. The proposed approach is evaluated simulatively w.r.t. the undercarriage of the Care-O-bot ® 3 mobile robot and is compared to the potential field based and a model predictive control approach.