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UHF power transmission for passive sensor transponders

: Feldengut, T.; Kolnsberg, S.; Kokozinski, R.

Zhurbenko, V.:
Advanced microwave circuits and systems
Wien: In-Tech, 2010
ISBN: 978-953-307-087-2
Aufsatz in Buch
Fraunhofer IMS ()
Transponder; Temperatursensor; UHF RFID; passive transponder; temperature sensor

Passive transponder tags operating in the ultra high frequency (UHF) range receive their power supply from the electromagnetic carrier wave from a remote base station. The maximum range is largely determined by the circuits’ current consumption and the rectifier efficiency. Reading ranges of several meters have recently been reported for several state of the art RFID (Radio frequency IDentification) tags [1]. The presented UHF transponder chip with integrated temperature sensor was designed for a 0.35 ?m CMOS process with EEPROM, Schottky diodes, and double poly layers. Due to a more complex architecture and additional functionality, the power consumption of the presented sensor transponder tag is significantly larger than that of simple RFID tags. The A/D conversion requires a stable, ripple-free supply voltage with a relatively large DC value. A novel rectifier circuit generates the supply voltage from the high frequency antenna signal. The circuit requires only -11.4 dBm input power and is insensitive to temperature and process variations. The maximum operating distance is approximately 4.5 m.