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Dynamics and decoherence in the central spin model using exact methods

: Bortz, M.; Eggert, S.; Schneider, C.; Stübner, R.; Stolze, J.


Physical Review. B 82 (2010), Nr.16, Art. 161308(R), 4 S.
ISSN: 0163-1829
ISSN: 1098-0121
ISSN: 0556-2805
Fraunhofer ITWM ()

The dynamics and decoherence of an electronic spin-1/2 qubit coupled to a bath of nuclear spins via hyperfine interactions in a quantum dot is studied. We show how exact results from the integrable solution can be used to understand the dynamic behavior of the qubit. It is possible to predict the main frequency contributions and their broadening for relatively general initial states analytically, leading to an estimate of the corresponding decay times, which are related to T-1 of the electron. Furthermore, for a small bath polarization, a distinct low-frequency time scale is observed.