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Adsorption of obidoxime onto human serum albumin nanoparticles: Drug loading, particle size and drug release

: Kufleitner, J.; Wagner, S.; Worek, F.; Briesen, H. von; Kreuter, J.


Journal of microencapsulation 27 (2010), Nr.6, S.506-513
ISSN: 0265-2048
Fraunhofer IBMT ()

The standard treatment of poisoning by organophosphorous compounds such as paraoxon includes the administration of oximes. Due to their inability to rapidly cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in therapeutically relevant concentrations, these drugs possess insufficient activity in the central nervous system. Since human serum albumin (HSA) nanoparticles enable the delivery of a variety of drugs across the BBB into the brain, in the present study the antidote obidoxime was bound to these particles by adsorption. The resulting sorption isotherms showed a best fit to Langmuir isotherms indicating that obidoxime adsorbs to HSA nanoparticles forming a monolayer. A maximum drug loading of 93.5 mu g obidoxime/mg of nanoparticles at pH 8.3 was calculated. At higher concentrations the particle diameter increased significantly with obidoxime concentration leading to instable particle systems. The in vitro release of obidoxime from HSA nanoparticles showed a rapid release of the drug from the nanoparticles within 3 h.