Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Probing the defect state of individual precipitates grown in an Al-Mg-Si alloy

: Klobes, B.; Korff, B.; Balarisi, O.; Eich, P.; Haaks, M.; Maier, K.; Sottong, R.; Hühne, S.-M.; Mader, W.; Staab, T.E.M.


Physical Review. B 82 (2010), Nr.5, Art. 054113, 7 S.
ISSN: 0163-1829
ISSN: 1098-0121
ISSN: 0556-2805
Fraunhofer ISC ()

Precipitates forming in decomposable aluminum alloys such as Al-Mg-Si evolve toward the corresponding intermetallic phase, which is beta(Mg2Si) in this case, depending on heat-treatment conditions. Individual beta precipitates were produced in an Al-1.11 at. % Mg-0.77 at. % Si alloy and identified using optical as well as electron microscopy. The individual beta precipitates could be investigated with regard to their intrinsic crystal defects using a finely focused positron microbeam provided by the Bonn Positron Microprobe. Comparison with theoretical calculations of the Doppler broadening of annihilation radiation reveals that beta precipitates most likely do not contain vacancies in either sublattice and that 0.16 is the upper bound of the fraction of trapped positrons. The usage of different enhancement factors had only little influence on the calculations whereas the general gradient approximation affected the contribution of Si orbitals, in particular. Additional measurements of the Doppler broadening based on the radioactive source Ge-68, which emits high-energy positrons probing bulk regions of the sample, were carried out. These measurements show that beta precipitates are sparsely distributed in the Al matrix.