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Synthesis of water-soluble homo- and block-copolymers by RAFT polymerization under gamma-irradiation in aqueous media

 
: Millard, P.-E.; Barner, L.; Reinhardt, J.; Buchmeiser, M.R.; Barner-Kowollik, C.; Müller, A.H.E.

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Polymer 51 (2010), Nr.19, S.4319-4328
ISSN: 0032-3861
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer ICT ()

Abstract
The ambient temperature (20 degrees C) reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization of several water-soluble monomers conducted directly in aqueous media under gamma-initiation (at dose rates of 30 Gy h(-1)) proceeds in a controlled fashion. Using functional trithiocarbonates, i e.. S,S-bis(alpha,alpha'-dimethyl-alpha ''-acetic acid) trithiocarbonate (TRITT), 3-benzylsulfanyl thiocarbonylsulfanyl propionic acid (BPATT). and dithioester, i e, 4-cyanopentanoic acid dithiobenzoate (CPADB), as chain transfer agents, fully water-soluble polymers of monomers such as N,N-dimethylacrylamide, 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate, acrylamide or oligo(ethylene glycol) methacrylate and stimuli-responsive polymers of monomers such as acrylic acid. N-isopropylacrylamide, 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate or 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid can be obtained over a wide range of degrees of polymerization up to 10,000 with low polydispersity (typically (M) over bar (w)/(M) over bar (n) < 1 2) to near quantitative conversions Well-defined block copolymers between these monomers, based on several asymmetric macro-RAM agents, can be obtained, suggesting that the RAFT agents are stable throughout the polymerization process so that complex and well-defined architectures can be obtained.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-143795.html