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Adaptive transform coding of speech signals

: Zelinski, R.; Noll, P.

IEEE transactions on acoustics, speech, and signal processing 25 (1977), Nr.4, S.299-309
ISSN: 0096-3518
ISSN: 0018-9278
ISSN: 0096-1620
ISSN: 1053-587X
Fraunhofer HHI ()
encoding; signal processing; transforms; speech coding systems; transform coding; cosine transform; optimum; adaptive coding; spectrum; transform coefficients; side information; nonpitch tracking coding; time dependence; speech samples

Discusses speech coding systems based upon transform coding (TC). It compares several transforms and shows that the cosine transform leads to a nearly optimum performance for almost all speech sounds. Various adaptive coding strategies are then investigated, and a coding scheme is proposed that is based on a non-adaptive discrete cosine transform (DCT), on an adaptive bit assignment, and on adaptive quantization. The adaptation is controlled by a short-term basis spectrum that is derived from the transform coefficients prior to coding and transmission and that is transmitted as side information to the receiver. The main result is that this adaptive transform coder performs better than all known nonpitch tracking coding schemes: it extends the range of speech waveform coding to lower bit rates and closes the gap between vocoders and predictive waveform coders.