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Towards user centred design (UCD) in architecture based on immersive virtual environments

: Bullinger, H.-J.; Bauer, W.; Wenzel, G.; Blach, R.


Computers in industry 61 (2010), Nr.4, S.372-379
ISSN: 0166-3615
Fraunhofer IAO ()

This paper describes a generic concept of how to combine the experience of user centred design (UCD) in the field of Human Computer Interaction (HCI) with the traditional approach of participatory design (PD) in an architectural design process. Even if some basic requirements of this generic method are not available yet, this paper will also describe an approach, which enables planners even now to involve end users by using virtual environments (VE) as immersive and spatial prototype. It will be described and illustrated by the way of example using the building project Centre of Virtual Engineering of the Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering (IAO) in Stuttgart. It demonstrates that the transfer of the UCD approach to architectural planning combined with the provision of an adequate prototype can make a significant contribution towards an increase in quality and performance in building and construction projects.