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New generation of 3D desktop computer interfaces

: Skerjanc, R.; Pastoor, S.

Fisher, S.S.; Merritt, J.O.; Bolas, M.T. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Stereoscopic displays and virtual reality systems IV
Bellingham, Wash.: SPIE, 1997 (SPIE Proceedings Series 3012)
ISBN: 0-8194-2423-4
Conference on Stereoscopic Displays and Applications <8, 1997, San Jose/Calif.>
Fraunhofer HHI ()
computer displays; human factors; interactive video; object-oriented programming; operating systems (computers); three-dimensional displays; user interfaces; visual programming; 3d desktop user interfaces; 2d displays; windows; icons; menus; mouse interactions; 3d display; visual operating system; object oriented programming; low-level programming; high-level application configuration; autostereoscopic 3d display; video based interaction; viewpoint-depending imaging; head tracking; interactive TV; interaktives Fernsehen

Today's computer interfaces use 2D displays showing windows, icons and menus and support mouse interactions for handling programs and data files. The interface metaphor is that of a writing desk with (partly) overlapping sheets of documents placed on its top. Recent advances in the development of 3D display technology give the opportunity to take the interface concept a radical stage further by breaking the design limits of the desktop metaphor. The major advantage of the envisioned application space is that it offers an additional, immediately perceptible dimension to clearly and constantly visualize the structure and current state of interrelations between documents, videos, application programs and networked systems. In this context, we describe the development of a visual operating system (VOS). Under VOS, applications appear as objects in 3D space. Users can (graphically) connect selected objects to enable communication between the respective applications. VOS includes a general concept of visual and object oriented programming for tasks ranging from, e.g., low-level programming up to high-level application configuration. In order to enable practical operation in an office or at home for many hours, the system should be very comfortable to use. We introduce an autostereoscopic 3D display and connected video based interaction techniques which allow viewpoint-depending imaging (by head tracking) and visually controlled modification of data objects and links.