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Restrictions of the voice activity gain and consequences for CDMA based mobile communication systems

: Boche, H.; Jugl, E.

Archiv für Elektronik und Übertragungstechnik 54 (2000), Nr.1, S.51-58
ISSN: 1434-8411
Fraunhofer HHI ()
cellular radio; channel capacity; code division multiple access; mobile radio; voice activity gain; cdma; mobile communication systems; system capacity; capacity gain; radio cells sectorization; voice activity detection; voice activity factor; active subscribers

The system capacity of code division multiple access (CDMA) based mobile communication systems can be increased by applying the sectorization of the radio cells and by the exploitation of quiet periods of the voice. But, in the literature the resulting capacity gains are assessed too optimistically. In this article the capacity gain by applying voice activity detection is analyzed more exactly. P. Brady (see Bell Syst. Tech. Journal, vol.48, 2445-72, 1969) has already investigated this fact, but the voice activity factor (VAF) was assumed to be constant for each subscriber. Practically, the VAF is different for each subscriber. Thus, by having only a small number of active subscribers we found out that these fluctuations of the voice activity factor effectuate a loss of system capacity. This effect was analyzed by means of simulations. Furthermore, an analytical estimation was derived.