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Rate equations analysis of external-cavity quantum cascade lasers

Analyse mittels Ratengleichungen für External-Cavity Quantenkaskadenlaser
: Yang, Q.K.; Hinkov, B.; Fuchs, F.; Bronner, W.; Köhler, K.; Wagner, J.; Maulini, R.; Faist, J.


Journal of applied physics 107 (2010), Nr.4, Art. 043109, 7 S.
ISSN: 0021-8979
ISSN: 1089-7550
Fraunhofer IAF ()
rate equations; external cavity; quantum cascade laser; Ratengleichung; Quantenkaskadenlaser

We present a comprehensive analysis of an external-cavity (EC) quantum cascade (QC) laser system, which is based on a coupled-mode system with the length of the EC set equal to that of the laser chip and accommodating the large difference in physical cavity length by introducing an effective speed of light for light propagating in the EC. By analyzing the rate equations and discussing the cross sections and losses of the EC QC lasers, numerical results as well as suggestions for a further optimization of the spectral tuning range of the EC system are presented. Besides, the delayed onset of the EC modes with respect to that of the internal Fabry–Perot modes in pulsed operation has been simulated using the rate equations, yielding a good agreement with the experimental data.