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Micro-segregations in liquid phase sintered silicon carbide ceramics

: Herrmann, M.; Neher, R.; Brandt, K.; Hoehn, S.


Journal of the European Ceramic Society 30 (2010), Nr.6, S.1495-1501
ISSN: 0955-2219
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
SiC; silicon; carbide; diffusion; sintering

The densification behaviour of LPSSiC ceramics with different amount of secondary phases was investigated during Field Assisted Sintering (FAST). In the densified materials micro-segregations were found with dimensions of several 100 ?m. Sometimes such segregations were found in gas pressure sintered materials. The investigation of the state of crystallisation by EBSD and XRD revealed that these micro-segregations are connected with the formation of large YAG (Yttrium aluminium garnet) crystals. The mobility of yttrium in the grain boundaries was investigated by measuring concentration profiles in diffusion couples. The high diffusion coefficient determined at 1850 °C (10-6 cm/s) indicates that the observed segregations are caused by the crystallisation kinetics of the secondary phases during cooling.