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Geometry Calibration for X-ray Equipment in Radiation Treatment Devices and Estimation of Remaining Patient Alignment Errors

: Selby, Peter; Sakas, Georgios; Walter, Stefan; Stilla, Uwe


Hsieh, J. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Medical Imaging 2008. Physics of Medical Imaging : 18 - 21 February 2008, San Diego, California, USA
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2008 (SPIE Proceedings 6913)
ISBN: 978-0-8194-7097-3
11 S. (Paper 691355)
Medical Imaging Symposium <2008, San Diego/Calif.>
Fraunhofer IGD ()
calibration; image registration; template matching; radiotherapy; x-ray; alignment correction

Positioning a patient accurately in treatment devices is crucial for radiological treatment, especially if accuracy vantages of particle beam treatment are exploited. To avoid sub-millimeter misalignments, X-ray images acquired from within the device are compared to a CT to compute respective alignment corrections. Unfortunately, deviations of the underlying geometry model for the imaging system degrade the achievable accuracy.

We propose an automatic calibration routine, which bases on the geometry of a phantom and its automatic detection in digital radiographs acquired for various geometric device settings during the calibration. The results from the registration of the phantom's X-ray projections and its known geometry are used to update the model of the respective beamlines, which is used to compute the patient alignment correction. The geometric calibration of a beamline takes all nine relevant degrees of freedom into account, including detector translations in three directions, detector tilt by three axes and three possible translations for the X-ray tube. Introducing a stochastic model for the calibration we are able to predict the patient alignment deviations resulting from inaccuracies inherent to the phantom design and the calibration. Comparisons of the alignment results for a treatment device without calibrated imaging systems and a calibrated device show that an accurate calibration can enhance alignment accuracy.