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Ultrasonic friction power during Al wire wedge-wedge bonding

 
: Shah, A.; Gaul, H.; Schneider-Ramelow, M.; Reichl, H.; Mayer, M.; Zhou, Y.

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Journal of applied physics 106 (2009), Nr.1, Art. 013503, 8 S.
ISSN: 0021-8979
ISSN: 1089-7550
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer IZM ()

Abstract
Al wire bonding, also called ultrasonic wedge-wedge bonding, is a microwelding process used extensively in the microelectronics industry for interconnections to integrated circuits. The bonding wire used is a 25 mu m diameter AlSi1 wire. A friction power model is used to derive the ultrasonic friction power during Al wire bonding. Auxiliary measurements include the current delivered to the ultrasonic transducer, the vibration amplitude of the bonding tool tip in free air, and the ultrasonic force acting on the bonding pad during the bond process. The ultrasonic force measurement is like a signature of the bond as it allows for a detailed insight into mechanisms during various phases of the process. It is measured using piezoresistive force microsensors integrated close to the Al bonding pad (Al-Al process) on a custom made test chip. A clear break-off in the force signal is observed, which is followed by a relatively constant force for a short duration. A large second harmonic content is observed, describing a nonsymmetric deviation of the signal wave form from the sinusoidal shape. This deviation might be due to the reduced geometrical symmetry of the wedge tool. For bonds made with typical process parameters, several characteristic values used in the friction power model are determined. The ultrasonic compliance of the bonding system is 2.66 mu m/N. A typical maximum value of the relative interfacial amplitude of ultrasonic friction is at least 222 nm. The maximum interfacial friction power is at least 11.5 mW, which is only about 4.8% of the total electrical power delivered to the ultrasonic generator.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-103759.html