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Crystallization in heat-treated fluorochlorozirconate glasses

: Johnson, J.A.; Weber, J.K.R.; Kolesnikov, A.I.; Schweizer, S.


Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter 21 (2009), 37, Art. 375103, 6 S.
ISSN: 0953-8984
Fraunhofer IWM ( IMWS) ()
glasses and glass ceramics; neutron inelastic scattering; differential scanning calorimetry; photoluminescence

Crystallization phenomena of fluorochlorozirconate glasses were investigated by means of differential scanning calorimetry and inelastic neutron scattering. The precipitation of barium chloride nanoparticles from the glass matrix upon heat treatment was found to be suppressed when re-melting the glass with a reducing agent but not if the agent was present in the initial synthesis. Addition of small amounts of oxide to the predominantly fluoride melt was found to maintain the presence of nanoparticles but not to induce the predicted phase transition of the barium chloride nanoparticles from hexagonal to orthorhombic structure. Inelastic neutron scattering performed on an 'as-made' glass and a heat-treated glass showed an increase in 'hardness', consistent with a more ordered structure.