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Application and limits of weathering simulation for the maintenance of monuments

: Greubel, D.; Herlyn, J.W.; Meinlschmidt, P.

Internationale Zeitschrift für Bauinstandsetzen 7 (2001), Nr.6, S.655-674
ISSN: 0947-4498
Fraunhofer WKI ()
weathering simulation; numerical method; non-destructive inspection method; monument preservation; thermography; electronic speckle pattern interferometry

The maintenance and repair of ancient buildings and monuments is one of the most important tasks connected with the preservation of cultural heritage. These buildings are often destroyed by being subjected to long-term stresses caused by air pollutions, high humidity, and/or the lack of repair work. Before carrying out repair work or changing climatic conditons at monuments it is absolutely necessary to test the suitability of the renovation campaign. One possibility is testing the suitability for use by simulation methods. Advantages of simulation methods include the short duration of the test procedures and the alternative testing of different measures before the actual work is carried out on the monument. On the one hand weathering simulations can be carried out in twin-climate chambers with climatic impacts generating indoor and outdoor climates. On the other hand numerical simulation using computers can forecast moisture and temperature behaviour of structural elements. In additon, suitable measurement methods are needed for detecting the impacts. e.g. thermography, modern optical surface inspection methods or measurements of material moisture content at high resolution. The proposal illustrates different examples of simulation techniques.